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The Ghanaian coastal stretch experiences extensive beach erosion, mainly due to the impact of wave action. Currently, the Mensah Guinea, Ningo-Prampram, Cape Coast, Shama, Dixcove, and Anomabu coastal stretches are experiencing extensive beach erosion posing major threats to life and livelihood; as well as buildings, salt pans, fish landing sites, and other infrastructure sited in these areas. Governments over the years have been making investments in coastal protection in order to manage shoreline recession. Projects have been implemented at Keta, Ada, Atorkor-Dzita, Sakumono, Dansoman, Elmina, Takoradi, Axim, Dixcove, Adjoa and Aboadze to manage shoreline.

The proposed, Mensah Guinea, Apam, Kokrobite, Bortianor, Maritime University, Nungua, Takoradi, Anyanui, Essipong, Ningo-Prampram and Anomabu Coastal Protection Projects are interventions meant to mitigate coastline recession and consequent losses. Each of the projects is estimated to cost about US$150 million. The successful implementation of these projects will serve to manage shoreline protection for the protection of lives, existing and future physical and social infrastructural development; reclamation of land; development of fish landing sites and beaches; promotion of tourism; and enhancement of sanitary conditions. Also, investors will be encouraged to invest in infrastructure as a result of the reclamation of land.

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